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- Biographical Notes
Registered on June 5, 1917, as a C.O.; refused inoculation; court-martialed at Camp Upton on July 28, 1918, charged with insubordination; sentenced (along with Julius Eichel) for "defiance" to 20 years at Ft. Jay / Governor's Island (where 1 of 3 disciplinary barracks was located); in solitary confinement with Julius Eichel [1918?]; interviewed by Board of Inquiry of Inquiry at Upton and at Leavenworth; sentenced to 30 years in prison - reduced to 3 years; imprisoned in Ft. Douglas War Prison Barracks; reason for stance = Socialist; member of Socialist Party. David Eichel wrote on 2/21/1918 in his diary that the Eichel brothers, Christie brothers, and Ruiz were taken to the mustering office to be inducted, but no records could be found so it wasn't done. They all, along with Sam Sterenstein, were taken to the Division Surgery for completion of the records. Sterenstein, A. Christie, and Ruiz were forced through the a physical exam; 2/25/1918 entry notes that they were all mustered into military service; 3/23/1918: along with Julius Eichel, Christie, Ruiz and Bowes, refused inoculation; claimed Socialist objections 3/26/1918.