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- Biographical Notes
Registered for draft on June 5, 1917, as a C.O.; interviewed by Board of Inquiry at Camp Dix; classed by Board of Inquiry first as 3, later as “Special”; charged with disobedience of orders; court-martialed and sentenced to life to 20 years in prison (reduced?); his fiancée, Elsie Knepper, was part of Dec. 1918 delegation that visited Secretary of War Baker to plea for release of C.O.s in prison at Ft. Leavenworth; reason for stance = socialist; member of Socialist Party for 5 years.