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- Biographical Notes
Registered for the draft on June 5, 1917 as a C.O.; classified as 1B, later as 4; sent to Camp Upton in Sept. 1917; sent to Camp Gordon on Dec. 5; sent back to Upton on April 13; sent back to Camp Upton on April 13th; saw General Bell for the first time on April 22nd; interviewed on charge of disobedience of orders in June 1918 at Upton, and on Feb. 14, 1919 at Leavenworth; sentenced to 25 years in prison - reduced to 3 years; imprisoned in Ft. Douglas War Prison Barracks; objected to war on “Socialist and Humanist” grounds; member of the Socialist Party In 4/25/1918 letter to Frances Witherspoon, states: inducted into service on Sept. 29, 1917 as a C.O.; refused to drill and was put into guardhouse several times; at first accepted noncombatant service, but then changed mind; intended to be an absolutist; taken to Upon on Sept. 29, 1917; taken to Gordon on Dec. 8, 1917 and put in Depot Brigade; transferred to 325th Inf. Co. H on March 26, 1918, where he stated his case; placed in guardhouse on April 1st; on April 21st sent to Depot Brigade at Upton and to C.O. barracks on April 22nd, where he was found and taken back to camp.