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- Biographical Notes
Registered on June 5, 1917, as a C.O.; reason for being a C.O. = humanitarian; interviewed by Board of Inquiry in July ___ at Riley and in July ___ at Leavenworth; charged with Disobedience of Orders; sentenced to 25 years in prison - reduced to 2.5 years; imprisoned at Ft. Leavenworth and Ft. Douglas War Prison Barracks; imprisoned Nov. 2, 1918; refused to work, according to Kreger letter; released from Ft. Douglas in Dec. 1919; a Socialist "There were numerous cases of brutal treatment of conscientious objectors at Camp Funston. One objector, Emanuel Silver, wrote that with others he was aroused from sleep every two hours during the night for several nights and made to march before the point of a bayonet. He was also put under cold shower, his head was severely beaten, and he received only bread and water. He collapsed from exhaustion on October 12, 1918."